Lufthansa German Airlines is the flag carrier of Germany. Its main operations base and primary traffic hub is at Frankfurt Airport with a second hub at Munich Airport.
Lufthansa traces its history back to 1926 when the Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G. (from 1933 styled as Deutsche Lufthansa) was formed in Berlin, an airline that served as flag carrier of the country until 1945. The new Lufthansa was formed in 1953 as Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf, a company for air traffic demand, and was renamed Deutsche Lufthansa A.G. and relaunched as an airline in 1954. In April 1955 Lufthansa launched scheduled service within Germany; international operations started in May 1955.
In 1987 Lufthansa, together with Air France, Iberia and SAS founded Amadeus, an IT company that would enable travel agencies to sell the founders and other airlines’ products from a single system. On October 28, 1990, 25 days after reunification, Berlin became a Lufthansa destination again. In 1997, Lufthansa, Air Canada, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines formed the Star Alliance, the world’s first multilateral airline alliance.
Lufthansa has several wholly owned subsidiaries: Air Dolomiti, Austrian Airlines, Eurowings, Germanwings and Swiss International Airlines.