Austrian Airlines is the flag carrier airline of Austria and a subsidiary of Deutsche Lufthansa AG. Since 2012 all flights are operated by subsidiary Tyrolean Airways under the brand name Austrian. Its hub is Vienna International Airport. It is a member of Star Alliance.
Austrian Airlines was formed as Österreichische Luftverkehrs AG through the merger of Air Austria and Austrian Airways and began operations in 1957. The domestic services launched in 1963. The airline’s transatlantic services began in 1969.
In 2000, Austrian became a member of Star Alliance and acquired Lauda Air. Its name was shortened to Austrian in 2003, when it rebranded its three constituent carriers. In 2004 the Flight Operations Departments of Austrian and Lauda Air were merged into a single unit, leaving Lauda Air as a brand name only for charter flights.
In 2006 and 2007, Austrian was forced to adopt a stringent cost-saving policy. In 2009 Lufthansa purchased Austrian Airlines. In 2012, after failure of negotiations over cost cutting measures, AUA operations were taken over by subsidiary Tyrolean Airways.