Alitalia—Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A., operating as Alitalia, is the flag carrier and national airline of Italy, which took over the name, the landing rights, many planes and some other assets from the liquidation process of the old Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane and the entire Air One. Its main hub is Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, Rome.
Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. was established on 1946 as Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali, more commonly known as Alitalia. It started operations in 1947. In 1957, Alitalia merged with Linee Aeree Italiane and took on the name of Alitalia Linee Aeree Italiane. In 1997 it set up a regional subsidiary Alitalia Express and in 2001 became a member of the Sky Team Alliance.
Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. lost money for years owing to problems with pilots and crew members] and labour difficulties, and to government and political interference with attempts to solve them. The Italian government supported Alitalia many times until the European Union set a moratorium on any support before 2011. Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. did not survive this moratorium and went into liquidation in 2008. The viable parts of Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. were bought by the private company Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana in 2008, which started operations in 2009.
In 2010, Alitalia announced that it would be using Air One as a low-fare airline.