Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAL) is the flag carrier of Japan and its main hubs are Tokyo’s Narita International Airport and Haneda International Airport. The airline and four of its subsidiaries (J-Air, JAL Express, JALways and Japan Transocean Air) are members of the Oneworld airline alliance. JAL group companies include Japan Airlines for international and domestic services. JAL group operations include scheduled and non-scheduled international and domestic passenger and cargo services worldwide.
JAL was established in 1951 and became the national airline of Japan in 1953. After over three decades of service and expansion, the airline was fully privatized in 1987. In 2002, the airline merged with Japan Air System.