Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore. Singapore Airlines operates a hub at Changi Airport and has a strong presence in the Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, and ‘Kangaroo Route’ markets. Its wholly owned subsidiary, SilkAir, manages regional flights to secondary cities with smaller capacity requirements. SIA has a 49% shareholding in Virgin Atlantic and engages the low-cost carrier sector through its stake in Tiger Airways and wholly owned subsidiary, Scoot.
Singapore Airlines began with the incorporation of Malayan Airways Limited (MAL) in 1947, by the Ocean Steamship Company of Liverpool, the Straits Steamship Company of Singapore and Imperial Airways. When Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak formed the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, the airline’s name was changed, from “Malayan Airways” to “Malaysian Airways”. MAL also took over Borneo Airways. In 1966, following Singapore’s separation from the federation, the airline’s name was changed again, to Malaysia-Singapore Airlines (MSA). MSA ceased operations in 1972, when Singapore wanted to develop its international routes but Malaysia wanted to develop its domestic routes before moving on to international routes, resulting in the formation of Singapore Airlines and Malaysian Airlines System.