PT Merpati Nusantara Airlines, operating as Merpati Nusantara Airlines, is an airline in Indonesia based in Jakarta. It is a major domestic airline operating scheduled services in Indonesia, as well as scheduled international services to East Timor and Malaysia. Its main base is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The airline is blacklisted in the United States and the European Union.
The airline was established and started operations in 1962. It was set up by the Indonesian government as the second state airline, with the main objective of taking over the network of domestic services developed by the Air Force since 1958. During 1962, it also took over the routes in West Irian (formerly Dutch New Guinea) previously operated by KLM subsidiary, De Kroonduif, which had been flown by Garuda since 1962. In 1978, the airline was taken over by Garuda, but continued to operate under its own name. Merpati was integrated into the Garuda Indonesia Group in 1989, but was granted government permission to separate in 1993, although the split did not actually take place until 1997.